Internet has grown with leaps and bounds over the years. It has in fact become a very large and
important part of the business structure of many companies and world economies. Millions of people
use Internet for various reasons ranging from its initial use of collection of information to more
complex duties of designing machines and creating and sharing various ideas. E-commerce is a very
high volume market now, with billions of dollars transferred all over the world.
ISP or internet service providers provide their users with the connection to access the internet.
In the developed countries these are very large companies that control a major chunk of the traffic volume.
In 2008 Comcast, one of the major ISPs was forced into litigation against controlling the flow of
traffic. This was seen as a land mark case because there are certain rules and features of the
Internet which can be used for personal gain or even abuse. The rules which govern the Internet
are not strict and there are people who agree or disagree with them on both sides. As a result of
this case a pivotal point has been reached. Recently a court has ruled that the FCC or the federal
communications commission cannot ask the company to deregulate its traffic regulation practices. This
has been seen by many as a very important decision, since whoever controls the internet is
essentially playing God. Hence the courts siding with Comcast seems to have brought up a very heated
There are numerous applications that operate on the internet. One of the most popular activities on
the internet is downloading of files. Movies, music, pictures, software and many other things can
be now downloaded. The software which is used for this is called a torrent client. The FCC had a
specific issue with Comcast throttling the traffic of this program. This means in essence that they
would control the traffic that originates through the use of the torrent client software. This issue
was raised because current torrent software client requires a large network of online computers for
this process to facilitate.
Hence by controlling the flow of traffic, the company is essentially controlling the operation of
online computers. Comcast did not find this as infringement of any laws and appealed against the
ruling. The court ruled in favour of Comcast saying that there cannot be any strict guidelines for
the control of traffic on the internet. It is used by millions and they have the right to use what
they paid for. Deregulation cannot be seen as a safe thing because manipulation of numbers and
various other malpractices can occur.